Motivation is derived from a Latin word 'movere'. It is a process that starts with the physiological or psychological deficiency or need that activates a behavior or drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive.
There are 3 components of motivation:
1) Needs: They are created when there is a physiological and psychological deprivation.
2) Drive: also called a 'Motive', this is created by a deficiency with direction.
3) Incentives or Goal: Anything that elivates a need and reduces a drive is termed as incentive.